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Biodiversity Means Climate

The tightly woven links between climate and biodiversity, the land and the oceans, and between ecosystem health and human society and culture are understood and even evident to all. The science is clear: Without urgent action to reduce emissions, global climate will change to such an extent that adaptation becomes impossible for many species.

Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity in the Arctic

In the Arctic, it is not just a reduction in the extent of sea ice, but its thickness and age. Less ice means less reflective surface meaning more rapid melting. The rapid reduction exceeds even scientific forecasts and is discussed further on this site’s climate change introduction.

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How Climate Change Affects Biodiversity Loss

The link between climate change and biodiversity has long been established. Although throughout Earth’s history the climate has always changed with ecosystems and species coming and going, rapid climate change affects ecosystems and species ability to adapt and, contributing to biodiversity loss. As shown by J.M. Scott (2008), shortly after World War II, humankind entered in a phase of almost exponential population growth, going from around 3 billion people to 7.2 billion people nowadays. Biodiversity loss is a factor that follows that trend closely.

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As Antarctic ice shrinks from Climate Change, will Adélie penguins disappear?

Scientists used satellites to study how climate change will affect Antarctica's Adélie penguins – and the results are not looking good for the species. Instead of being able to relocate with natural climate change as in eras past, Adélie penguins will begin to disappear in coming decades as sea temperatures rise.

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How Does Climate Change Affect Biodiversity?

As climate change alters temperature and weather patterns, it will also impact plant and animal life. Scientists expect the number and range of species, which define biodiversity, will decline greatly as temperatures continue to rise. The loss of biodiversity could have many negative impacts on the future of ecosystems and humanity worldwide.

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Biodiversity Loss Is as Big a Crisis as Climate Change

150 experts from 50 countries released a major report demonstrating that nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented, with up to 1 million species threatened with extinction, more than at any other time in human history. What is driving this global loss of biodiversity and how is it different from previous waves of extinctions experienced on Earth?

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Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

In the last 100 years average global temperature has increased by 0.74°C, rainfall patterns have changed and the frequency of extreme events increased. Change has not been uniform on either a spatial or temporal scale and the range of change, in terms of climate and weather, has also been variable.

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